13 Apr 2022


Board Characteristics of the Juvenile Court System

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Hypothetically, each and every community has a way of labeling individuals who engage in unlawful practices in the community. Juvenile delinquency, therefore, refers to a group of peers ranging from the age of 8 years to 18 years and is known to engage in illegal criminal behaviors to their various societies. Through this, government and other people in the society including the non-governmental organizations brings up ways to cater for these juveniles in a way that is aiming at correcting their behaviors and making them useful citizens in the community. 

Government forms the court of minors system to cater for such children. Ideally, the court system majorly aims at rehabilitating the children based on their individual juvenile needs. Religion, on the other hand, plays an essential role in catering of these juveniles so as make sure that the laws enforced by them are major to correct and rehabilitate their behaviors (Ford, 2013). Most of these children are desperate, and therefore there is need to cater for their different juveniles depending on their differences. The officials elected to provide for the youths should also be people who are capable of understanding the juveniles as it is through their efforts that such people are expected to change.

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The system of minors works with the help of individual agencies which are aiming at the improvement and rehabilitation of the children. There are different organizations such as Child Welfare League of America which works majorly to improve the awareness of the connections between child maltreatment and juvenile delinquency (Aarons, James, Monn et al., 2010). The board also helps in support of transiting the youth to adulthood.

Different theories are involved in the juvenile delinquency. Such approaches include:

Biological theory

Sociological theory

Physiological theory

The biological theory argues that the behaviors and characteristics of the children are innately born with the features of been a criminal and they are genetically inherited from their parents (Siegel and Welsh, 2014). The theory indicates that some of the criminals possess some physical characteristics such as flat noses and scarily teeth. Therefore according to the theory, different body types made individuals behave differently.

Social theory, on the other hand, comes about when the child's environment such as the community limits advancement chances for the children. Through this, children start their ways towards the exploration of ideas in their ways, and in the process they children may end up engaging in unlawful behaviors such as prostitution in underage, robbery and drug trafficking as a way to earn income (Akers, 2011). Environment helps in the achievements of an individual's goal; the most likelihood is that the person will engage in unlawful practices including robbery so as achieve these goals. In physiological theory, it is usually concerned with the individual himself, unlike the social theories (Siegel and Welsh, 2014). The two primary sources of the psychological theories include the psychodynamic and social learning theories.

Therefore, juvenile court systems should be enhanced so as to improve lawful social living between the children and the adults in the society. It will be enabled through working together among the different agencies, the government and the whole community as a whole. Through improvement of the juvenile court systems and also improvement of the social living factors in the communities, the community will be ranked among the best communities globally. 


Aarons, G. A., James, S., Monn, A. R., Raghavan, R., Wells, R. S., & Leslie, L. K. (2010). Behavior problems and placement change in a national child welfare sample: A prospective study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 49(1), 70-80.

Akers, R. L. (2011). Social learning and social structure: A general theory of crime and deviance . Transaction Publishers.

Ford, J. D. (2013). Systemic self-regulation: a framework for trauma-informed services in residential juvenile justice programs. Journal of Family, 665-677.

Siegel, L. J., & Welsh, B. C. (2014). Juvenile delinquency: Theory, practice, and law . Cengage Learning.

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