|Origin and Founding date||India – 500 BC||Egypt-Rome – 32 AD||India 1500 BC||Arabia 622 AD||Israel-Egypt – 586 BC|
Elimination of worldly Passions
|Confessions and repentance of sins||
Elimination of Worldly passions
Prayerful – 5 times daily
Works and scriptures
|Scripture Study, Prayer|
|Concept of God||No God(s)||
|Sacred Text||Tipitaka||Bible||Bhagavad Gita||Quran and Sunna||Torah|
Prayer and seeking salvation.
|Ceremonial Duties||Meditation||Prayer, Worship||Meditation, Prayer||Prayer||Prayer, Worship|
|Holy Days||Asalha Puja, Uposatha||
Eid Al-Fitr, Eid Al-Adha
|Life -Question Components|
|Ethical System||Peaceful Life, and love of others||Forgiveness and love of others||Peaceful life, share with others||Love of others, share with others, Pray for others||Love of others|
|Moral Duties||Do not harm others||Live peacefully with others and love of enemies||Give to the poor and needy||Give to the poor, Pray for others||Pray for others|
|Nature of Evil||Mara||Devil, Satan||Iblis, Shaitan||Satan||No devil|
|Prohibitions||None||Murder||Murder||Lack of praying||Murder|
|Other Distinction||Incarnation||Heaven and Hell, Circumcision||Incarnation||Heaven||Afterlife|
In comparing the different kinds of religions worldwide, there are various aspects one has to consider about how the followers of the various religions live and follow their moral and ethical codes. The religions mentioned in the matrix above all have, relatively large followings worldwide when compared to other different faiths. All these religions have very complex but well organization structures that support their belief systems. Evil is the basis of the each of the diverse religions and usually contradicts the concept of good. Good and evil are religious properties that have been termed as very vital for the function of these religious structures ( Momen, 2009 ). There is a need for deeper understanding of the philosophical concerns in religion including metaphysics, form, and nature of salvation, and ethics ( Saso, 2015 ). They are all corresponding attributes of the five religious structures mentioned in the matrix. But there also remain coincidental similarities between the religious sects.
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Similarities in the religions mentioned in the matrix above are mainly concerned with the notion of morality. Each of the five religions mentioned has in some degree or manner a determined agenda of ensuring that their followers have good knowledge and are guided by the sound moral values supporting the beliefs ( Chopra, 2015 ). Another important similarity is in the way that they support the existence of a higher power, and that is divine and above all humans. All the five religions have existed since the early times and have dominated up to date (Stausberg & Engler, 2013).
There are actual differences among the religions discussed above. In the Buddhist faith, they believe that there is no God. They think that to gain a high level of enlightenment and Dharmic energy; then one needs to have qualities such as love and mindfulness of others. Christianity believes in the God of Abraham, who is above all things ( Momen, 2009 ). In Hindu, they believe in different God but have been so consumed by Buddhism. Hindus believe that Buddha incorporated and accepted all the tenets of the Hindu religion into his doctrine (Bråten, 2013).
The differences and similarities mentioned above have a significant influence in the way that people interact with each other by work and other social aspects. Employees have to accept each other even when they are from different religions ( Shaw, 2014 ). But that is not usually the case as some people find their religion better than other which may cause conflict. Employees have definite religious views and may focus on different moral, ethical perspectives concerning sharing, forgiving, praying, among others. It is through religion that most people find their basis for morality and ethical aspects.
Bråten, O. M. (2013). Towards a methodology for comparative studies in religious education: a study of England and Norway . Waxmann Verlag.
Chopra, R. M. (2015) A Study of Religions , Anuradha Prakashan, New Delhi.
Momen, Moojan (2009) Understanding Religion: A Thematic Approach . Oxford, UK: Oneworld Publications.
Saso, Michael R. (2015) Mystic, Shaman, Oracle, Priest (MYSHOP): Prayers Without Words . Sino-Asian Institute of America, USA.
Shaw, Jeffrey M. (2014) Illusions of Freedom: Thomas Merton and Jacques Ellul on Technology and the Human Condition. Wipf and Stock.
Stausberg, M., & Engler, S. (2013). The Routledge Handbook of research methods in the study of religion . Routledge.