15 Sep 2022


History And Perspectives Worksheet

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Academic level: College

Paper type: Coursework

Words: 659

Pages: 1

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Timeline of Events 

Complete a timeline of the historical events that show the progression of the treatment of mental illness, based on the historical perspectives discussed in Chapter 1 of Abnormal Psychology in a Changing World . You should have between 5-8 events. 

Event 1: Initially, skeletons were discovered by archaeologists and a method known as trepidation was adopted which involved drilling the skull in a bid to release evil spirits perceived to cause abnormal behavior in individuals 

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Event 2: Hippocrates, later on, revealed that humors which consists of some vital fluids such as black and yellow bile were responsible for abnormal behavior as opposed to evil spirits. This occurred around 460-377 B.C.E ( Nevid, Rathus & Greene, 2017)

Event 3: Between 476 C.E. and 1450 C.E it was believed that evil spirits was responsible for the abnormal behavior and the solution was exorcism by the church. 

Event 4: In the course of the 18 th and 19 th century, Jean-Baptiste Pussin and Philippe revealed that the cause for abnormality was diseases and thus people deserved to be treated in a humane manner ( Nevid, Rathus & Greene, 2017)

Event 5: Another theory emerged between 1745 and 1813 from Benjamin Rush who indicated that the above mentioned behaviors resulted from swollen brain vessels. 

Event 6: in the course of the 19 th century there was a perception that the mental conditions were incurable and as a result, the population of individuals in mental facilities increased rapidly. 

Event 7: deinstitutionalization was adopted in 1950`s owing to the unbearable conditions in the mental institutions. 

Event 8: Currently, mental facilities are well managed compared to the institutions in the former years. It is, however, apparent that a number of deplorable conditions are present. The chief aim currently is to ensure that individuals are able to resume normal life within the society. 


Respond to the following questions in 50 to 75 words each. 

How do assessment, diagnosis, and treatment work together in the field of abnormal psychology? What is the role of each process? 

The elements of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment manage to develop a stepwise mechanism which manages to determine the causative agent of abnormal behavior amongst individuals ( Nevid, Rathus & Greene, 2017) . Assessment narrows down the issues to the possible causes. Diagnosis applies where the cause to the problem is determined and finally treatment is used as a solution to the abnormal behavior. 

How do you know when a behavior is deemed a mental illness? 

In order to determine whether or not a certain behavior is a form of mental illness, there are a number of things that ought to be done. One of the commonly used techniques involves social deviance, and this is coupled with unusualness ( Nevid, Rathus & Greene, 2017) . The latter is not easy to single out, however, it is believed that anything unusual qualifies as a form of abnormal behavior. Conversely, there are certain set standards within the society and anything that falls below such standards qualifies to be social deviance. 


Review the contemporary perspectives of abnormal behavior listed in Ch. 2 of Abnormal Psychology in a Changing World

Match the contemporary perspective on the right with the main tenet (idea/proposition) on the left by typing the corresponding letter of the matched perspective in the middle column. Each perspective may be used more than once. 

Main Tenet (Idea/Proposition)  Answer  Contemporary Perspective of Abnormal Psychology 
1. Unconscious conflicts manifest in symptoms of mental illness.  A. Biological Perspective 
2. Psychotropic medications seek to treat mental illness by acting on neurotransmitters that may be malfunctioning.  B. Psychological Perspective – Psychodynamic Models 
3. Manipulation of information may cause cognitive distortions. These errors in thinking produce maladaptive behaviors based on a distorted belief that was produced by an activating event.  C. Psychological Perspective – Learning Models 
4. Mental illness is a product of learned behavior that is maladaptive.  D. Psychological Perspectives – Humanistic Models 
5. The interactions of biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors contribute to abnormal behavior.  E. Psychological Perspectives – Cognitive Models 
6. Genetic factors, defects in neurotransmitter functioning, and underlying brain abnormalities contribute to mental illness.  F. Sociocultural Perspective 
7. Our childhood experiences contribute to the development of mental illness.  G. Biopsychosocial Perspective 
8. Abnormal behavior is caused by societal failures and is a description of behavior that deviates from social norms.   
9. A malfunction in the physiology of the body produces symptoms of mental illness.   
10. Abnormal behavior manifests from a distorted concept of the self.   


Nevid, Jeffrey S., Ph.D., Rathus, Spencer A., & Greene, Beverly, Ph.D. (2017).  Abnormal Psychology in a Changing World New Mypsychlab without Pearson E-text Standalone Access Card . Pearson College Div. 

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