1 Dec 2022


Pros and Cons of Universal Healthcare

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Academic level: College

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Universal healthcare is a system of health institution that provides equal health service to all the citizens of a particular country. In addition to provision of healthcare services, it also provides financial services to the citizens. In this form of healthcare system, all the citizens are entitled to equal care regardless of the income level of the individual. Health care should not be universal because there are those people who can afford and those who cannot afford to go o the hospital. Universal healthcare will limit the rate at which quality of health service is provided. There are public health care institutions that offer health care services to those citizens that cannot afford to go to private hospitals. Therefore making the healthcare system to be universal is not appropriate (Kutzin & Sparkes, 2016) . 

Healthcare is a right and not a privilege, this is because we all need access to health care so as to survive, if it was a privilege, then a sick person could choose not to go to the hospital and preferred death. It is upon every country to provide health care services to its citizens, therefore making it a right to access. Regardless of income or employment every individual has the right to access health care services. This is because when a person is sick, the only way to save them is to provide the assistance through seeking medical attention. The fact remains that a disease will not choose whether a person s employed or with enough income, thus making access to health care services a right. Take for example public hospital that offer free medical service to the citizens, this enables any individual to get access to medical attention. Universal coverage would decrease the quality of medical service, a good example is the public hospitals, where the quality of medical service is not guaranteed and that is why people with enough income seek medical service from private hospitals (Morgan, Ensor & Waters,2016). Just like any other business, private hospitals will focus on the quality of medical service provision to compete with other hospitals. 

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Kutzin, J., & Sparkes, S. P. (2016). Health systems strengthening, universal health coverage, health security and resilience. Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 94 (1), 2. 

Morgan, R., Ensor, T., & Waters, H. (2016). Performance of private sector health care: implications for universal health coverage. The Lancet , 388 (10044), 606-612. 

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StudyBounty. (2023, September 15). Pros and Cons of Universal Healthcare.


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