29 Oct 2022


US Military Intervention: The Pros and Cons

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The topic of when the United States should use military intervention has aggravated international concerns. For example, the United States has been indirectly involved in Libya and Afghanistan. However, the issue of such military interventions has raised debates on the extent of involvement from the United States. Military from the United States going to other countries cannot be stopped; thus, it is clear that one should focus when such a powerful nation should be allowed to intervene. Genocide is a devastating time for any country; therefore, if the United States provides military assistance to contain the situation then such an action is appropriate; however, the UN convention should first agree with such an intervention ( Cramer, 2013). War occurs when all the systems controlling a system or a government structure is not working, and it is not a positive undertaking. However, instances where countries face various issues such as genocides, and mass atrocities, then the United States should use their military strength to sustain the problem. 

Ideally, the UN convention on the Acts of preventions and punishment does not in any way encourage the Crime of Genocide ( Cramer, 2013). The United States and other member countries have not been granted permission to intervene in other countries to end massacres. In this case, the UN has granted the states to ensure they punish their war criminals or take the idea of taking them to the international tribunal. The United States has engaged in sending its military to contain situations with the reference of being caring. At times the connection between legality and morality can be a concern, which led to the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) movement that mentions that the international community has all the required mandate to stop genocides. 

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Policy alone cannot stop all the genocides. For instance, the holocausts are never by-products of any Civil war. To stop this from going out of control it is essential to have an early warning system ( Keohane, 2011). This time is when the United States needs to send its peacekeeping military forces. If other countries want to contribute such as France and Britain a few forces from the sides are send. However, when a big deployment is necessary the United States military is involved. For instance, the U.S sent its military into Iraq in 2003 because they desired to disarm the nation that had weapons of mass destruction and also a neoconservative aspiration to spread democracy ( Jamieson, 2005). Sending troops has damaging effects on the civilians and the army itself since lives are lost from such interventions ( Keohane, 2011). The U.S military intervention led to close to 4millions displacement of people inside and outside the Iraq borders with an average of 100 people being killed at the climax of the war. Also, Iraq became economically destabilized. 

Conversely, the other argument is that the United States military should never be involved or interfere in other countries welfare regardless of the situation. The reason is supported by arguing that their involvement causes more harm and damage with thousands of people dying when they are involved. However, even if the United States does not interfere another superpower will since no country can watch a genocide occurring ( Meierhenrich, 2014). Conclusively, the United States military should only be involved when they have the agenda of maintaining regional peace. More so, when that country they invade affects the life of its citizen adversely. However, according to the United Nations, it is a requirement that permissions must be granted before undertaking such a task. Additionally, civilian causality should be avoided or minimized since due to the international consequences that follow the war. 


Cramer, J. (2013). Why Did the United States Invade Iraq? doi:10.4324/9780203804568 

Jamieson, D. (2005). Duties to the distant: Aid, assistance, and intervention in the developing world. In Current debates in global justice (pp. 151-170). Springer, Dordrecht. 

Keohane, R. (2011). When Should the US Intervene? Criteria for Military Intervention in Weak Countries. Cornell International Affairs Review , 5 (1). 

Meierhenrich, J. (2014). Genocide: A reader . Oxford University Press USA. 

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